Magic Realism: is when a magical elements blend to create a realistic atmosphere that accesses a deeper understanding of reality. The story explains these magical elements as normal occurrences, presented in a straightforward manner that places the "real" and the "fantastic" in the same stream of thought.
Temporal Distortion: is when there is a distortion in time where one place will be in the future and the other will be in the past.
The temporal distortion in Everything is Illuminated is when Johnathon goes to the Ukraine where everything is out dated compared to the U.S. where he came from.
Metafiction: is a type of fiction
that self-consciously addresses the devices of fiction, exposing the fictional illusion.
The metafiction in Everything is Illuminated is when Johnathon Foer puts himself in his fictional novel when he is a real person.